Four risks still need to be prevented for the reco

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The transformation of old and new kinetic energy and the recovery of the iron and steel industry still need to guard against four risks

"in 2017, the key large and medium-sized steel enterprises achieved a cumulative sales revenue of 3.69 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 34.1%, and achieved a profit of 177.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 613.6%..." the statistical data of China Iron and Steel Association shows that the momentum of sound development of China's iron and steel industry is gratifying. However, the deep-seated contradictions that have plagued the healthy development of the industry for a long time have yet to be resolved. In 2018, China's iron and steel industry still faces some problems and challenges

the performance of the steel industry is generally good

as we all know, the steel industry, which has experienced serious overcapacity for many years, is showing a steady trend of improvement through supply side structural reform, improving the quality and efficiency of development, and meeting the needs of different consumers at different levels: starting with "three deletions, one reduction and one supplement" - reducing production capacity, developing emerging industries, and transforming and upgrading traditional industries, Increase investment in technological innovation and make changes in "multiplication". From the initial pursuit of quantity to the leap of quality, the development trend of China's steel industry is improving, and many industry giants have handed over beautiful reports

On January 25, Baosteel announced that its net profit in 2017 was expected to increase by 10 billion yuan to 10.7 billion yuan year on year. In 2016, its net profit was 9.076 billion yuan. Based on this calculation, Baosteel's net profit in 2017 will exceed 19billion yuan

Baosteel attributed the soaring performance in 2017 to policy dividends. After the implementation of the steel capacity reduction plan, it also allowed the woven tow to realize the "year-on-year expansion of the purchase and sale price difference" of the self-supporting company in the three-dimensional layering process of any situation. After Wuhan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. completed the stock exchange merger, the synergy benefits were quickly reflected, and the steel production capacity of Baosteel Co., Ltd. was further improved, which also boosted the performance

as one of the largest steel material manufacturing and integrated service providers in China, Hegang group made a profit of more than 10billion yuan in 2017. In order to face the growing high-end products and personalized needs of users, in 2017, Hegang released and implemented 57 internal enterprise standards of steel plates for ocean engineering, and carried out quality improvement with customers as the core. At present, the total number of Hegang's major customers has reached 357, with an average monthly contract volume of more than one million tons. In terms of technological innovation, the supercritical boiler steam water separator developed by Hegang has successfully replaced imports with steel, breaking the monopoly of foreign brands on the domestic market

in recent years, Angang Steel's difficult road of recovery can be called a "sample" for steel enterprises to extricate themselves from difficulties. As a super large iron and steel enterprise with both steel and iron ore output ranking at the forefront of the country, on January 18, Angang Steel (7.210, 0.00, 0.00%) released the 2017 performance forecast disclosure. In 2017, the company achieved a net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies of about RMB 5.678 billion, an increase of 251% year-on-year, ending five consecutive years of losses. Anshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. said that in 2017, the company seized the opportunity of the steel market to recover, and vigorously promoted the system to reduce costs and increase efficiency by enhancing production control capacity and optimizing production organization

the iron and steel industry must guard against four major problems

while the industry is improving, the iron and steel industry will still face many difficulties in reducing production capacity in 2018. "The momentum of the sound development of China's steel industry is gratifying, but the deep-seated contradictions that have plagued the healthy development of the industry for a long time are far from being resolved, and there is still great instability in the steel industry to continue to achieve good benefits." Jin Wei, President of Sinosteel Association, pointed out

how to contain the risk of unstable development of the whole industry? The Ministry of industry and information technology pointed out that the first is to prevent the pressure of new production capacity from increasing. With the city's proposal to pay attention to the improvement of the market situation of Yunnan Aluminum, Aluminum Corporation of China, St Shenhuo, Zhongfu industry and Nanshan aluminum, some discontinued enterprises have resumed production one after another, and the willingness of enterprises to actively withdraw has weakened, making the task of capacity reduction more and more arduous. The second is to prevent the resurgence of the "ground steel" and the rising pressure. In 2017, the production capacity of "ground bar steel" was completely banned under heavy blows, but with the sharp rise in steel prices, the possibility of "ground bar steel" resurgence increased. Third, the development of short process steelmaking urgently needs to straighten out policies. Fourth, the environmental protection pressure of iron and steel enterprises is increasing

Xia Nong, inspector of the Industrial Coordination Department of the national development and Reform Commission, said that at present, the capacity utilization rate of the steel industry is still at a low level. The iron and steel industry should adopt more market-oriented and legalized methods to further promote the work of resolving overcapacity, with the focus on the disposal of zombie enterprises, and strictly implement the relevant environmental protection, energy consumption, quality and safety laws, regulations and standards. At the same time, efforts should be made to consolidate the hard won achievements in resolving excess capacity

departments at all levels are taking action to prevent the resurgence of "ground steel". Li Xinchuang, President of the metallurgical industry planning and Research Institute, pointed out that the "ground bar steel" has been banned in an all-round way, the enterprise benefits have improved significantly, and the industry operation is stable and getting better, but the risk of resurgence still exists. It is urgent for relevant departments to speed up the revision and improvement of building materials quality standards, and force the "ground bar steel" to lose its living space through product quality supervision

it is reported that in the deployment work, the inter ministerial joint meeting on resolving excess capacity and poverty relief development in the steel and coal industry said that a special inspection would be organized to prevent the resurgence of "ground steel" in areas prone to "ground steel" in the first half of 2018, so as to further consolidate the achievements of the ban on "ground steel". Those who hide but do not report, are not investigated and dealt with promptly and resolutely, are of a serious nature and have a bad impact, will be checked. If the violations are true, they will be reported to the State Council for serious accountability

at the same time, the environmental protection pressure of steel enterprises is also increasing. The 2017 work plan for the prevention and control of air pollution in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and surrounding areas issued by the Ministry of environmental protection requires the steel industry to stop production at peak shifts. Local governments and steel enterprises attach great importance to the prevention and control of air pollution and have taken different forms of pollution prevention and control measures. In this regard, experts pointed out that in the long run, the continuous upgrading of environmental protection policies will force iron and steel enterprises to implement environmental protection technological transformation, which is conducive to the sustainable development of the iron and steel industry; Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and other environmental sensitive areas have realized the technological upgrading of the experimental machine, and the steel production capacity in sensitive areas has been transferred to areas with large environmental capacity, which is conducive to the optimization of the layout of the steel industry

in the future, the reform of the steel industry is still arduous. The Ministry of industry and information technology requires that we continue to promote the transformation and upgrading of the steel industry and unswervingly reduce production capacity. From the supply side, we should strive to improve the supply quality and promote steel products to move forward to the medium and high end. Take the pilot demonstration of intelligent manufacturing as the starting point, and gradually explore and form a new intelligent manufacturing model that can be promoted and replicated in the whole industry. Accelerating the popularization of advanced and applicable energy-saving and environmental protection industries has exceeded the annual target of 50million tons affirmed in the government work report, ensuring process technology and equipment, improving the green development level of the iron and steel industry, and achieving sustainable and healthy development

Chi Jingdong, vice president of CISA, pointed out that in the critical period of the transformation of the iron and steel industry, enhancing the ability of independent innovation is the only way and fundamental guarantee for the iron and steel industry to achieve both big and strong goals. He stressed that in order to build innovative steel and realize the transformation of old and new kinetic energy, the iron and steel industry must make breakthroughs in system construction, capacity improvement, quality upgrading, intelligent manufacturing and other aspects

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