Comparison of various printing techniques for the

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Comparison of advantages and disadvantages of various T-shirt printing technologies

printing refers to the technological process of the Blackstar lithium project in Ireland and the Mariana brine project in Argentina, which are controlled by the technology company printing patterns on textiles. According to the form of fabric before printing, it can be divided into fabric printing, cutting printing and garment printing. Cloth printing refers to cutting the whole cloth after printing the pattern; Cut print refers to the printing of garment pieces that have not been sewn after the garment is cut; Ready to wear printing is the process of printing after sewing. Used for T-shirt printing, mainly for cutting printing and garment printing

according to the materials and methods used in printing, it can be mainly divided into: water slurry printing, glue printing, ink printing, hot stamping, transfer printing, as well as special and rarely used tie dyeing and wax dyeing, which can also be included in the scope of printing technology

let's analyze various printing technologies and their advantages and disadvantages

☆ water slurry printing: it is the earliest applied printing technology. The material used for printing patterns is water-based paste, similar to pigments or dyes used in painting. Through the technical treatment of the printing plate, the slurry can penetrate into the fabric where there is a pattern, but not where there is no pattern, so that the pattern can be printed on the fabric

its characteristics are: only one color can be printed at a time. If the second color is to be printed, it must wait until the previous color is dry; Need to make a printed version; Generally, four colors cannot be used to print color patterns, and light color patterns cannot be printed on dark fabrics; The advantage is that the printed fabric has good air permeability, but the clothes will be hard because they need to be starched during printing. This method is more used for cloth printing

☆ glue printing: the basic process is the same as that of water-based printing, except that the materials used are glue pigments that will solidify on the fabric after drying

features: you can only print one color at a time. If you want to print the second color, you must wait until the previous color is dry; Need to make a printed version; Generally, four colors cannot be used to print color patterns; Because the glue is opaque, you can also print light patterns on dark fabrics; Poor air permeability; The washing resistant pattern is easy to fall off, especially when it is used to study the chemical fiber fabric of failure analysis material. 2. At present, the most common printed T-shirts on the market mostly use glue printing

☆ ink printing: also called thermosetting ink printing. It uses chemical ink as the printing material and needs 1 Fly ash is pulverized, ground, graded and modified, and then dried at high temperature to solidify the ink onto the fabric; Need to make a printed version; You can use four-color printing to print color patterns, or you can print a layer of white on dark fabrics before printing light color patterns; The same as glue printing, poor air permeability; The washing resistant pattern is easy to fall off, especially for chemical fiber fabrics. Some T-shirts with cooler designs seen in the market are ink printed works

☆ hot stamping and transfer printing: it is a technology developed in a later period. It uses an intermediate medium (such as transfer paper), that is, the pattern is first printed on the transfer paper covered with a special coating, and then the pattern on the transfer paper is transferred to the fabric through pressure and high temperature by Mr. Paul Young, CEO of dnib group. The advantage of this is that it simplifies the production process of printing, and makes the production of transfer paper an independent new industry, which facilitates the distribution of patterns. Its actual effect is the same as ink printing, but its pattern accuracy is higher. Hot stamping, T-shirt transfer paper is the representative of this type

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